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Since the Athenians formed the first democracy, it has lived on as a shining example of how to lead a country. That democracy, though, was more than a little different from the systems that prevail in the modern world. Athenian democracy was incredibly strange and far removed from what we know—and it might just be worth a second glance.

[Read the full article at Listverse.com]

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10 Fascinating Costumes Worn By People in the Margins

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In earlier days, the things we wore did more than just keep us warm. They were often pieces of art, carrying meaning about our cultures and our beliefs.

There are tribes that don’t even wear clothes who still use costumes in ceremonies, imbued with functions and meanings that, today, are barely understood. As time churns on and the world homogenizes, these costumes are fading out of use and memory—and the stories behind them are being lost.

[Read the full article at Listverse.com]

The Evolutionary Reason Babies Are Born So Helpless

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The first few months with a newborn baby are terrifying — we’re a horribly designed species. Our babies are born with soft spots on their heads, necks so fragile that they can die if they aren’t supported, and tiny fingers that can’t even use Snapchat. Evolution was kinder to other animals. Reptiles, for example, don’t even need to take care of their babies. When a lizard gives birth, it expects its one-day-old child to go out on its own, fend for itself, and stop coming to it with every little problem. Their babies can already walk and hunt. Ours can’t even see.

How did we, as a species, ever survive? University of Rochester professors Celeste Kidd and Steve Piantadosi who just published a new theory in the Proceedings Of The National Academy Of Sciences about why babies aren’t born to run: It makes for smarter parents. Good news! But, the most fascinating part of their theory is the one they cut out of their research paper. (Hint: It would make for an excellent Netflix series.)

[Read the full article at Fatherly.com]

10 Ways Pirates Made Life Better for African Slaves

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During the Golden Age of Piracy (roughly 1650–1730), men under black flags were raiding and plundering ships across the Caribbean. We remember them as violent men, stealing and wreaking havoc on European lives.

Through another lens, though, pirates were something entirely different. The New World they tormented was filled with slaves, and a lot of the ships they attacked were filled with imprisoned Africans. To the Africans on those ships, the pirates weren’t just criminals—they were liberators, and they heralded the arrival of a better life.

[Read the full article at Listverse.com]